American Portraits

Justice Frank Murphy and Racial Prejudice: No Justifiable Part

In this lesson, students will learn about Supreme court Justice Frank Murphy and his stand for justice in three World War II cases related to restrictions on Japanese Americans. Through his example, they will learn to better stand for justice in their own lives.

Founding Principles

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Due Process

The government must interact with all citizens according to the duly-enacted laws; applying these rules equally among all citizens.

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Equal Protection

The principle of equal justice under law means that every individual is equal to every other person in regards to natural rights and treatment before the law. There are no individuals or groups who are born with the right to rule over others.

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Rule of Law

Government and citizens all abide by the same laws regardless of political power. Those laws respect individual rights, are transparently enacted, are justly applied, and are stable.

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Separation of Powers

A system of distinct powers built into the Constitution to prevent an accumulation of power in one branch.

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