American Portraits

Clement Laird Vallandigham: Resounding Silence

In this lesson, students will learn about the self-sacrifice of Clement Laird Vallandigham and ways in which they can sacrifice their own comfort for what they believe.

Founding Principles

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Civil Discourse

Reasoned and respectful sharing of ideas between individuals is the primary way people influence change in society/government, and is essential to maintain self-government.

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Due Process

The government must interact with all citizens according to the duly-enacted laws; applying these rules equally among all citizens.

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Rule of Law

Government and citizens all abide by the same laws regardless of political power. Those laws respect individual rights, are transparently enacted, are justly applied, and are stable.

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