Federalism and the Constitution
McCullough v. Maryland (1819)
Case background and primary source documents concerning the Supreme Court case of McCulloch v. Maryland. Dealing with the Constitution’s Necessary and Proper Clause, this lesson asks students to asses to what extent the Necessary and Proper Clause grants a new power to Congress and what is the meaning of “proper” in this context.
The people delegate certain powers to the national government, while the states retain other powers; and the people, who authorize the states and national government, retain all freedoms not delegated to the governing bodies.
Citizens are best able to pursue happiness when government is confined to those powers which protect their life, liberty, and property.